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||Technique for treating certain painful
conditions and for producing regional anesthesia by passing long thin needles
through the skin to specific points. In some cases the needles are used to
conduct a weak electric current.
||Treatment of medical conditions in
adolescents. Usually this is a child between the ages of 12 and 18.
||Treatment of allergies and management of
certain disorders involving the immune system.
||Asthma, eczema, hives, drug reactions or
Related specialties: Allergy or Immunology
||Provides pain relief and maintenance
during and immediately following an operation, delivery or diagnostic procedure
with the use of medications.
||The study of hearing disorders through
identification and evaluation of hearing loss.
||Provides treatment regarding obesity,
which includes prevention, control and surgery.
||Electrical activity to assess cardiac
||Related specialty: Cardiology
||Treatment of the heart and blood vessels.
|Colon & Rectal Surgery
||Medical and surgical care involving the
intestinal tract, colon and rectum.
||Related specialty: Proctology
|Critical Care Medicine
||Treatment of life-threatening disorders
such as shock, coma, heart failure and trauma in intensive care units and other
||Disorders of the skin, mouth, hair and
||Dermatitis, allergic disorders,
infectious disorders, cosmetic disorders or scars
||Analysis of the electrical activity of
the brain. This is sometimes referred to as EEG (electroencephalogram).
||Contraction of muscles regarding
||Related specialties: Physical Medicine
||Provides immediate initial recognition,
evaluation, care and disposition of patients suffering acute illness and injury
in a hospital setting.
||Disorders of the endocrine glands such as
thyroid and adrenal glands. Treatment of disorders such as diabetes, metabolic
and nutritional disorders, pituitary diseases and menstrual and sexual
||Thyroid or diabetes
||Visual examination of interior structures
of the body with an endoscope.
||Stomach, esophagus and small intestine
Related specialty: Gastroenterology
||Care involving the ears, nose, throat and
related structures. Sometimes referred to as ENT specialists.
||Care involving the ears, nose, throat and
related structures, including allergy care. Sometimes referred to as ENT
||Related specialty: Otolaryngology
||Diagnose and treat a wide variety of
basic general medical conditions.
Provide initial physical exams and coordinate with specialists if intensified
consultation or treatment is required.
|Related specialty: General Practice
||A branch of medicine concerned with the
structure, functions, diseases and pathology of the stomach and intestines.
||Stomach, bowels, intestines, esophagus,
liver, gall bladder, gall stones and pancreas
Sometimes referred to as GI specialists.
||Practices general medicine usually for
||Related specialty: Family Practice
||Surgical treatment of injuries or
||Diagnosis and treatment of birth defects
and genetic diseases.
||Diagnosis and medical treatment of any
condition of the elderly.
|Gynecology (no obstetrics)
||Care and treatment of the female
reproductive systems and associated disorders including menopause.
||Related specialties: Obstetrics and OBGYN
||Medical and surgical care of cancers
related to the female reproductive system.
||Related specialties: Oncology, Gynecology
||Surgery and treatment of hand disorders.
||Provider lookup see: Surgery – Hand
||Disease of the blood, spleen and lymph
||Clotting disorders, sickle cell anemia,
hemophilia, leukemia and lymphoma
Related specialty: Oncology
||Study of liver diseases.
||Related specialty: Gastroenterology
||Medical diagnosis of diseases and
disorders in adults. Some Internists sub-specialize in specific medical
||The breaking of a calculus, e.g., kidney
stone, gallstone, etc. (as by shock waves via a surgical instrument).
|Maternal and Fetal Medicine
||Care of patients during pregnancy and
||Related specialties: Gynecology,
Obstetrics and OBGYN
||Genetically linked diseases and
||Diagnosis and treatment of cancer and
other malignant tumors.
||Related specialty: Hematology
|Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine
||Diseases and medical conditions affecting
the newborn and especially the human infant during the first month after birth.
||A medical specialty concerned with the
kidneys and especially with their structure, functions or diseases.
||Surgery related to the nervous system,
including the brain, spinal cord and supporting structures.
||Related specialty: Neurology
Provider lookup see: Neurology; Surgery – Neurological
||The scientific study of the nervous
system especially in respect to its structure, functions and abnormalities.
Disease or impaired function of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves,
muscles and related blood vessels. Most Neurologists do not perform surgery.
|Provider lookup see: Neurology; Surgery –
||Use of radioactive materials in the
diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
||Provides medical care to pregnant women
and delivery of newborn.
||Related specialties: Gynecology and OBGYN
|Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN)
||Provides medical and surgical care of the
female reproductive system and associated disorders. Care related to pregnancy
||Related specialties: Gynecology and
||Creative activities in promoting
recovery, rehabilitation or prevent disabilities. Usually upper
extremities and hand rehabilitation.
||Related area: General Acute Care
Hospital. Most hospitals usually have an occupational and physical therapy
||The study of tumors.
||Medical treatment regarding the eye and
||Vision, diabetes, glaucoma and retinal
|Oral Maxillofacial Surgery
||Surgery of the jaw, face and mouth.
||Provider lookup see: Surgery – Oral and
||Specialize in bone, muscle and joint
surgery. This surgery can include corrective procedures, such as removing torn
cartilage or replacing an entire joint. Some orthopedic surgeons are
generalists, but most specialize in specific areas such as shoulder surgery,
hand surgery or joint replacement.
||Bones, joints, muscles, tendons,
ligaments and cartilage
||A science that deals with the ear and its
Related specialties: Otolaryngology and Otorhinolaryngology
||Lab study of tissues and blood to
diagnose possible diseases.
||Provider lookup see: Laboratory Facility
||Concerned with the medical, emotional and
social health of children from birth to young adulthood.
||Children’s health care
||The care and treatment of mother and
fetus during pregnancy and after birth, particularly for high-risks. Usually
this is the period beginning after the 28th week of pregnancy and ending 28
days after birth.
|Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
||Diagnosing, evaluating and treating
patients with impairments and/or disabilities which involve musculoskeletal,
neurological, cardiology and other body systems.
||Exercise and physical activity to
condition and improve muscles, function and range of motion.
||Surgical repair and reconstruction of the
skin and related structures which may or may not be cosmetic, yet having
||Provider lookup see: Surgery – Plastic
& Reconstructive or Surgery – Oral/Facial Plastic
||Disorders and injuries of the foot and
||Feet or ankle related disorders
||Prevention of disease or medical
||Treatment of diseases in the respiratory
systems (lungs and airways).
||Pneumonia, cancer, pleurisy, asthma,
||Treatment of diseases by radiation.
||Imaging procedures such as X-Ray,
ultrasound, CT Scan, PET Scan and nuclear medicine.
||Provider lookup see: Radiology Facility
||Care and treatment of reproductive and
||Treatment regarding joints, muscles,
bones and tendons. Treats all forms of arthritis, and certain immunologic
disorders such as systemic Lupus and Scleroderma.
||Treatment of speech disorders.
Provider lookup see: Therapy – Speech
||Treatment and care of athletic injuries.
||Surgical treatment of the chest, lungs,
heart and blood vessels.
||Provider lookup see: Surgery – Thoracic
||Medical and surgical disorders of the
kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate and urethra.
||Prostate, kidney stones, bladder, urethra
||Surgical disorders of the blood vessels
excluding those immediately adjacent to the heart, lungs or brain.
||Provider lookup see: Surgery – Vascular